Nana's pups in Finland
the Peruvian Inca Orchid (aka Peruvian Hairless)
The Peruvian Inca Orchid Dog (PIO) is also known as
the Perro sin pelo del Perú (dog without hair of Peru) or the Peruvian
Hairless Dog (PHD). A popular story tells how the Incan nobility prized
the light colored Inca Orchid dogs and kept them inside in orchid
filled rooms during the day to protect them from the sun. At night,
the dogs were allowed to run under the light of the moon... the
Some other names for the breed are Moonflower Dog,
Perro Flora (flower dog), Caa-Allepo (dog without vestments), Inca Hairless Dog, Pila Dog, South American Sighthound, Chien nu du Pérou, Le Chien du Pérou, Peruánský naháč, Peruanischer Nackthund, Peruansk nakenhund, Perunkarvatonkoira, Peruu Inca Orhideekoer,
Inkade Orhideekoer, Peruaanse Haarloze Hond, Viringo, Perro Chimú, Perro Calato, and Perro Grillo (cricket dog).
Peruvian Hairless Dog's origins are obscure, but it's believed that they have been around since AD 750. Although the Peruvian Hairless has a long history, the breed wasn't recognized in its native county until the early 1980's. In 2001, the Peruvian government elevated the Peruvian Hairless Dog to national heritage status.
The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), a world canine organization created in 1911, originally registered the breed as "Peruvian Inca Orchid Moonflower Dog", but later changed the breed name to "Perro sin pelo del Peru" to reflect the country of origin. All FCI countries follow the FCI breed standard.
United States is not a member of the FCI. In the U.S., the Peruvian Hairless Dog is registered as the "Peruvian Inca Orchid" with AKC, UKC, and a few other registries.
AKC -- PIOs have been recorded in the AKC Foundation Stock Service (FSS) since 1996. In January 2004, the PIO became eligible to participate in AKC's companion events of agility, obedience, and tracking. Currently, PIO is in the AKC Miscellaneous class.
PIOEC -- Peruvian Inca Orchid Enthusiasts Club is the AKC parent club.
UKC -- The United Kennel Club recognized the PIO in 1996.
PIOCA -- The Peruvian Inca Orchid Club of America was formed in the mid 1980's to document and promote the breed.
are PIO's like? Comments from owners...
Peruvian Inca Orchid is a medium-sized, hairless sight hound
(hunts by sight, not scent)... native to South America... love chasing
birds and small animals... love to run off-leash... love lure coursing... trim... fast... athletic... lean... muscular... active... high-energy... not hyperactive... graceful... deer like in structure
movement... noble... elegant... affectionate... like to lick and kiss you... "kissing dogs"...very loving... snugly... loyal companion... devoted...
gentle... fun loving... big clowns... love to fool around... sweet tempered... alert... lively... calm... quiet...
laid back... sensitive... respond well to gentle treatment... highly
intelligent... quick witted... smart... require a lot of mental challenges... needs mental stimulation... curious... inquisitive... independent... independent-thinking... some are easy to train, some are not... some can't focus for long periods of time... watchful... easy to live with... gets
along with other dogs... not aggressive... need
protection from cold and sun (especially if light skinned)... hardy... few health problems... hairless
have upright ears... coated have drop ears... still primitive... great family dogs... naturally suspicious... reserved... reserved with strangers at first... aloof...
need early socialization... some are shy and not comfortable with people... wide variety of temperaments (even in the same litter)... some are moody... some are outgoing and want attention... some are extroverts... some are cautious... some are slow to warm up to people... socialization depends on their early months... early socialization is very important... may be withdrawn and extremely shy... love everyone with two legs... usually good with kids... may sit and wait to check if a new person is ok... may be aggressive with other dogs... shy with strangers... some won't lets strangers come near...
See photos of Peruvian Inca Orchids on the PIO Friends pages (links in left column). Pages 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, and 9 have PIO puppy pics! See also the breed
standards for the Peruvian Inca Orchid and the Peruvian
Hairless. For PIO books and web links, got to the
PIO links page.
Ps. The dog featured in the title graphic for Peruvian Hairless Dog pages is Clytemnnestre owned by Carles Toldrà Sifrés and bred by Mme. Claire Chagnaud, France. Dog above left is Nusta.