N0 283 / 04. 02. 2000 / GB
COTON DE TULEAR
TRANSLATION Mrs. Pamela Jeans-Brown. Mrs.Renee Sporre-WiIles, Mr.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 25.11. 1999.
UTILIZATION: Companion dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.: Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs. Section
1.2 Coton de Tulear. Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Introduced to France long before its
official recognition in 1970. this newcomer from Madagascar quickly
acquired a prominent position amongst the companion dogs of this
country; today it is widespread all over the world.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Small, long-haired, companion dog with a
white cotton textured coat, with round, dark eyes and a lively,
The height at the withers in relationship to the length of the
body is 2 to3.
The length of the head in relationship to that of the body is 2
The length of the skull in relationship to that of the muzzle is
9 to 5.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Of a happy temperament, stable, very
sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all
ways of life. The temperament of the Coton de Tulear is one of the
main characteristics of the breed.
HEAD: Short, seen from above triangular.
Skull : Seen from the front slightly rounded; rather wide in
relation to its length. Superciliary arches only slightly developed.
Slight frontal groove. Occipital protuberance and crest only
slightly accentuated. Well developed zygomatic arches.
Nose : In the extension of the nasal bridge; black; brown is
tolerated; nostrils wide open.
Lips : Fine, tight, of the same color as the nose
Jaws/Teeth : Teeth well aligned. Scissor bite, pincer bite or
inverted bite without losing contact. The absence of the PM 1 is not
penalized; the M3s are not taken into consideration.
Cheeks : Lean.
Eyes : Rather rounded, dark, lively, wide apart; the rims of the
eyelids are well pigmented with black or brown according to the
color of the nose.
Ears : Pendulous, triangular, high set on the skull, fine at the
tips; carried close to the cheeks, reaching the corners of the lips.
Covered with white hairs or with some traces of light gray (mixture
of white and black hairs giving a light gray appearance) or red-roan
(mixture of white and fawn hairs giving a red-roan appearance -
NECK: Well muscled, slightly arched. Neck well set into
shoulders. Proportion of neck to body = 1/5. Clean neck with no
BODY: Topline very slightly convex. Dog longer than high.
Withers : Only slightly pronounced.
Back and loin : Strong back, topline very slightly arched. Loin
Croup : Oblique, short and muscled.
Chest; Well developed, well let down to elbow level, long. Ribs
Belly: Tucked up but not excessively.
TAIL: Low set, in the axis of the spinal column. At rest :
carried below the hock, the tip being raised. On the move : Carried
((gaily))curved over the back, with the point towards the nape, the
withers, the back or the loin. In dogs with abundant coat, the tip
may rest on the dorsal-lumbar region.
FOREQUARTERS: The frontlegs are upright.
Shoulder and upper arm : Oblique shoulder, muscled.
Scapulo-humeral angle about 120 degrees. The length of the upper arm
corresponds approximately to that of the shoulder blade.
Lower arm : Humero-radial angle : about 120 degrees. Lower arms
vertical and parallel, well muscled, with good bone. The length of
the lower arm corresponds approximately to that of the upper arm.
Carvus (Pastern joint) : A continuation of the line of the lower
arm. Metacaroals (Pastern): Strong, seen in profile sloping very
Forefeet: Small, round, toes tight, arched; pads pigmented.
HINDQUARTERS: The hindlegs are upright. Though dewclaws arenot
sought, their presence is not penalized.
Upper thigh : Strongly muscled; coxo-femoral angle about 80
Lower thigh Oblique, forming with the femur an angle of about 120
Hock joint: Dry, well defined, angle of the hock about 160g.
Metatarsals (Rear pasterns): Vertical.
Hind feet: Similar to forefeet.
GAIT I MOVEMENT: Free and flowing, without covering a lot of
ground; topline retained on the move. No sign of uneven movement.
SKIN: Fine, stretched tight over all the body; although of pink
color, it can be pigmented.
HAIR: This is one of the main characteristics of the breed from
which its very name derives. Very soft and supple, with the texture
of cotton, never hard or rough. the coat is dense, profuse and can
be very slightly wavy.
COLOR: Ground color White. A few slight shadings of light gray
color (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of
white and fawn hairs), are permitted on the ears. On the other parts
of the body, such shadings can be tolerated, if they do not alter
the general appearance of white coat. They are however not sought
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers
Males : 26-28 cm [10.2"-11"], tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm
Females: 23-25 cm [9"-9.8"], tolerance of 2cm above and 1 cm
Males : From 4 kg [8.8 lbs] to a maximum of 6 kg [13.2 lbs].
Females: From 3,5 kg [7.7 lbs] to a maximum of 5 kg [11 lbs].
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should
be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Skull : Flat or too domed, narrow.
Muzzle Disproportion between skull and muzzle.
Eyes : Light, too almond shaped; entropion, ectropion,
Ears Too short. with insufficient length of hair; ears folding
backwards (rose ear).
Neck : Too short, too stuffy in shoulder, too slender.
Topline Too arched, sway backed.
Croup Horizontal. narrow.
Shoulder : Straight.
Limbs : Turned inwards or outwards; out at elbows; hocks wide
set or too close: straight angulations.
Hair Too short, too wavy, curly.
Pigmentation : Partially lacking or too light pigmentation of
eyelids or lips; discolored nose, with unpigmented areas.
Lack of type (insufficient breed characteristics which means
that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble other
examples of the breed).
Size and weight outside the requirements and tolerance of the
Foreface : Bridge of nose convex.
Eyes : Bulging, with signs of dwarfism; too light; wall eyes.
Ears : Pricked or semi-pricked.
Tail : Not reaching to hock; high set, completely curled
(forming a tight ring); carried flat on the back or against the
thighs: carried candle like; tailless.
Hair : Atypical, rightly curled, woolly, silky.
Color : Heavily marked; any marking of a definite black.
Pigmentation : Total lack of pigment on eyerims. nose or lips.
Overshot or undershot mouth with lack of contact between the
incisors; vertical gaping of the incisors.
Absence of teeth other than the PMI or the M3s.
Aggressive or extremely shy specimen.
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully descended into the scrotum.